VISSCHER, Nicolas (1618-1679). Novi Belgii Novaeque Angliae nec non Virginiae Tabula... Amsterdam, c. 1655 (State 2, 1656).
VISSCHER, Nicolas (1618-1679).
Novi Belgii Novaeque Angliae nec non Virginiae Tabula...
Amsterdam, c. 1655 (State 2, 1656).
Engraved map with original hand color.
20 1/2" x 24 3/4" sheet, 31" x 35" framed.
Decorative example of Visschers's important map of the Northeast, with a large inset view of New York City. This is the first map containing the famous inset view of New Amsterdam, the 3r d known engraved view of New York. State 2 with Kasimier, but without Philadelphia” (Burden, 315).
A very attractive example from this famous and much sought after map, with an inset view of the Dutch colony on Manhattan Island, the second published view of New York, after Hartgers view of 1651. The cartographic information is based upon Jansson's map of 1650. In 1655, Danckerts copied Nicholas Visscher, who in turn utilized Jansson's map, with its vignettes of animals and Indian life, and added this now famous view of New Amsterdam, showing the Battery and Dutch buildings on the waterfront.
An extensive study of the map by Stokes suggests that the view was drawn sometime between 1653 and 1655, prior to the construction of New York's wall. The first state of the map, copied from Visscher's map, also omits Philadelphia. This second state was issued in about 1684 and shows Philadelphia for the first time, as well as adding farm animals. As noted by Burden:
Following the founding of Philadelphia a revised state was produced. However, unlike the competing maps which largely confined themselves to the city's addition, Danckerts updated the map in a significant manner. The Delaware River is completely revised so that it no longer connects with the Hudson River. Richard Daniel's A Map of ye English Empire . . . c. 1679, had depicted a similar river system. Pennsylvania is named, its boundary is marked, and many largely domesticated animals are engraved within the region. Recognition of the English hold over New Amsterdam is seen in the addition to the title to the view of Nieuw Yorck, eertys Genaemt above. . .
The addition of domesticated farm animals in the New Netherlands colony is of historical note. The Dutch colonists were, by the 1680s, increasingly disillusioned with the support they were receiving from Holland. A delegation was sent to Den Haag to appeal for more support, money, settlers, etc. One of the by-products of the colonist's meeting / plea was the revision of this map as a propaganda tool, displaying farm animals in New England in order to entice prospective new colonists to emigrate, on the theory that life in the New World was similar to life in Holland.
Claes Jansz Visscher (1587 - 1652) established the Visscher family publishing firm, which were prominent Dutch map publishers for nearly a century. The Visscher cartographic story beings with Claes Jansz Visscher who established the firm in Amsterdam near the offices of Pieter van den Keer and Jadocus Hondius. Many hypothesize that Visscher may have been one of Hondius's pupils and, under examination, this seems logical. The first Visscher maps appear around 1620 and include numerous individual maps as well as an atlas compiled of maps by various cartographers including Visscher himself. Upon the death of Claes, the firm fell into the hands of his son Nicholas Visscher I, who received a privilege to publish from the States of Holland and West Friesland in 1677. The firm would in turn be passed on to his son, Nicholas Visscher II. Most of the maps bearing the Visscher imprint were produced by these two men. Many Visscher maps also bear the imprint Piscator (a Latinized version of Visscher) and often feature the image of an elderly fisherman. Upon the death of Nicholas Visscher II, the business was carried on by the widowed Elizabeth Visscher until it was eventually sold to Peter Schenk.