MONTANUS, Arnoldus (1625?-1683). Atlas Japannensis: being Remarkable Addresses by way of Embassy from the East-India Company of the United Provinces to the Emperor of Japan. London: Tho. Johnson for the Author, 1670.

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Folio (16 x 10 ¼ in.; 40.6 x 26 cm.).  Engraved title-page, letterpress title-page printed in red and black, five fine large double-page folding engraved maps and views of Batavia and Japan (that of Iedo creased), 20 double-page views, plans and scenes of Japanese culture, illustrated throughout with engraved vignettes of life in Japan, head-pieces and initials; some minor spotting, occasional marginal worming, repair to foot of 3D2.  Late 19th-century half speckled calf; rebacked to style. 

PROVENANCE:  With an AUTOGRAPHED NOTE SIGNED BY THE TRANSLATOR, JOHN OGILBY, TO THE FIRST EARL OF SHAFTESBURY, THE LORD ASHLEY, dated October 15th 1670, laid down on the front paste-down: Received of the Right Honourable the Lord Ashley by the hand of Mr. Tho: Stimpson the fund of four pounds ten shillings being [some words obscured by Ogilby] for the 2 first volumes of my English Attlas, that is to say Affrica & Japan. I say received John Ogilby".  Anthony Ashley-Cooper (1621-1683) was a prominent English politician in the interregnum period during the reign of Charles II. He was a patron of John Locke, who attended him initially as his physician, and as his secretary. In 1663 Ashley was one of the eight Lords Proprietors given the title to a large tract of land in North America that became the Province of Carolina. With Locke he co-wrote the "Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina" in 1669.

FIRST ENGLISH EDITION AND “EXCEEDINGLY RARE. THE PLATES TO THIS WORK REPRESENT A HIGH-WATER MARK IN BOOK ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 17TH CENTURY.  Apart from these, this book remains one of the most curious of the numerous works of travel in the Orient during the 17th century" (Cox I:325).  First published as "Gedenwaerdige Gesantschappen der Oost-Indische Maetschappy in't Vereenigde Nederland aen de Kaisaren van Japan" in Amsterdam a year earlier.  An attractive copy of Montanus's rich cornucopia of accounts from emissaries of the Dutch East India Company. REFERENCES: Cordier Japonica 384; Lowndes 4, 1719; Wing M-2485.