HOWARD, John Eliot (1807-1883). The Quinology of the East Plantations. London: L. Reeve, 1869-1876.

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3 parts in one volume. Folio (19 6/8 x 14 4/8 inches). Half-title. 2 mounted albumen photographic prints, 13 hand-colored and 2 uncoloured lithographed plates (occasional light spotting throughout). Original green cloth with large gilt block of Calisaya angelica on the front cover (expertly rebacked preserving the original backstrip, extremities a bit worn).

First edition, and RARE.

"As early as 1827 Howard showed interest in what would prove to be his life's work: the extraction of the anti-malaria drug quinine from the bark of the Cinchona (cinchonaceae) genus of South American tree. His first paper, a report on the collection of cinchona in the British Museum made by the Spanish botanist José Pavón (1754-1840), was published in 1852. In the following year Howard joined the Pharmaceutical Society, and in 1857 the Linnean Society. In 1858 he purchased Pavón's manuscript 'Nueva Quinologia' and his specimens of cinchona. Howard employed a botanical artist and published the well-received "Illustrations of the 'Nueva Quinologia' of Pavon … and Observations on the Barks Described" in 1862. Howard's second major work, "The Quinology of the East Indian Plantations" (1869-76), was the result of his examination of the bark of all the forms of cinchona introduced into India from the Andes by Clements Markham, Richard Spruce, and Robert Mackenzie Cross. For this Howard received the thanks of her majesty's government in 1873. In 1874 his citation for election as a fellow of the Royal Society recognized the importance of his work: 'the name of Mr Howard is inseparably connected with his lifelong investigation respecting the identification and chemistry of the cinchona' (Kirkwood and Lloyd, 1) (G. S. Boulger, rev. Max Satchell for DNB). Catalogued by Kate Hunter