HOADLY, Benjamin (1676–1761). The True, Genuine, Tory-Address. London: A. Baldwin, 1710.

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HOADLY, Benjamin (1676–1761). The True, Genuine, Tory-Address. To which is added, An Explanation of Some Hard Terms now in use: for the Information of all such as Read, or Subscribe, Addresses. London: A. Baldwin, 1710.


Folio (12 4/8 x 8 inches). Single leaf, printed on both sides (disbound, browned, edges a bit creased).

An early Whig shot in a debate over the Tory addresses promoted in the summer of 1710 to try to persuade Queen Anne to dissolve the parliament that had impeached Dr. Henry Sacheverell (1674-1724), Church of England clergyman and religious controversialist, whose incendiary sermon "The Perils of False Brethren", had reignited controversy over the legitimacy of the revolution of 1689. "A sermon given to the lord mayor, aldermen, and council of London in St Paul's Church on 5 November 1709 was considered too subversive to be ignored. Such sermons normally took the opportunity to compare the Gunpowder Plot with the landing of William of Orange on 5 November 1688 as ‘a double deliverance’ from popery. Instead Sacheverell compared the plot not with the revolution of 1688 but with 30 January 1649, the day on which Charles I was executed; both were: indelible monuments of the irreconcilable rage and bloodthirstiness of both the popish and fanatick enemies of our Church and Government … These TWO DAYS indeed are but one united proof and visible testimonial of the same dangerous and rebellious principles these confederates in iniquity maintain. (Sacheverell, The Perils of False Brethren, 1974, 3). He thus turned the anniversary of the Gunpowder Plot into an attack upon Catholics and dissenters" (W. A. Speck for DNB).

Both Whigs and Tories published guides to how key words in the Tory addresses should be defined, using the terminology of dictionaries when they described "hard words". Whig cleric Benjamin Hoadly published this tract, as here, and many others similarm in which satirizes a Tory address and then picks out key terms such as 'antimonarchical principles', 'hereditary right' and 'republican principles' in order to define them. A Tory reply, by Sacheverell's ally Joseph Trapp, was immediately issued as a "The True Genuine Modern Whigg-Address, to which is added an explanation of some hard terms now in use... offering alternative explanations for the same terms". ESTC T5953. Catalogued by Kate Hunter