GIRAVA, Hieronymus (d.1556). Dos libros de Cosmographia. Milan: G.A. Castiglione and C. Carron, 1556.

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GIRAVA, Hieronymus (d.1556). Dos libros de Cosmographia. Milan: G.A. Castiglione and C. Carron, 1556.


4to., (8 4/8 x 6 2/8 inches). Folding woodcut world map (11 x 16 inches) (folds of map strengthened in one or two places on verso, some worming to upper margin of gatherings Y-2E, some pale dampstaining). 18th-century mottled sheep, spine in six panels with four raised bands, citron morocco lettering piece in one, the others decorated in gilt  (extremities scuffed with some minor loss to one corner); modern quarter morocco slipcase and chemise.  

Provenance: 17th-century inscription of Augustinian Hermits partially obscured at the foot of the title-page; inscription on front  pastedown of "T. Norton. Pte. de Lima 13 Dec. 1841. Affe. de Fornellos" and ink stamp on title-page; Frank Sherwin Streeter (1918-2006) (Christie's, Collection of Important Navigation, Pacific Voyages, Cartography and Science, April 16-17, 2007, Lot 228, $102,000).


First edition, with the rare world map: "Girava's woodcut map is uncommon, and it is often missing from the volume in which it first appeared. The author, cosmographer to the Emperor Charles V, has drawn a much simplified version of the large world map by Casper Vopel, the contemporary German cartographer from Cologne. All Vopel's world maps--supposedly of 1545, 1549 and 1552 - have perished and only derivatives by Vavassore (1558) and Van den Putte (1570) have survived... Balboa's discovery of the Pacific Ocean in 1513 is noted, and there is an interesting inscription across the southern continent saying that it was sighted in 1499: this has given rise to considerable speculation" (Shirley).  Including, in the second book , a description of Brazil: "India ó Nuevo mundo": Alden & Landis 556/21; Borba de Moraes I:299 ("extremely rare"); Sabin 27504 (1570 edition only); Shirley 101; Wagner Northwest Coast II:279.

VERY RARE: according to RareBookHub, only two copies have sold in the last 30 years, this copy when it was previously sold (anonymous owner, Sotheby's London, 23 April 1987, lot 185, & Streeter Sale mentioned above) and the John Evelyn copy (sold three times, most recently at Christie's, The Giancarlo Beltrame Library of Scientific Books, July 13, 2016, $138,776). Cataloged by Taylor Rash, MA.