DOWER, John Crane (1791 - 1847). A New General Atlas of Modern Geography... London: Wm. S. Orr and Co., [after 1840, before 1845].
4to., (12 x 9 4/8 inches). One engraved plate,"A View of the Comparative Lengths of the Principal Rivers, and Heights of the Principal Mountains in the World", and 51 engraved maps, all with original hand-colour in outline. Original publisher's half maroon morocco, green cloth, gilt (surface abrasions and stains).
Second edition, first published in 1836, of a very interesting and important atlas. Containing three maps that show the Republic of Texas: "The World in Mercator's Projection, distinguishing the Principal States and their Colonies" by A. Petermann; "North America"; and "California, Mexico, Guatimala &c.,"; and a map of the United States which excludes Texas.
The Republic of Texas existed between 1836 and 1845 before the state became part of the United States. "This sprawling nation of limited resources and boundless ambitions was born from rebellion against Mexico. The issues dividing Mexico and Texas, a department of the state of Coahuila, centered on Texas's resistance to firmer control by the central government, in contrast to the weak governance system established by the Constitution of 1824. Residents of Texas--mostly but not exclusively Anglo-Americans--took up arms against the Mexican government in October 1835, fought for five months for the official goal of restoring the older federalist system, and then in March 1836 declared independence. The new nation's prospects appeared bleak as Mexico achieved a series of military successes beginning with the capture of the Alamo in San Antonio and the massacre of its defenders, on 6 March. The outlook brightened on 21 April, however, when Texas forces under Sam Houston defeated Mexican president Antonio López de Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto.
"The greatest success of the Republic of Texas was in attracting emigrants: the population grew from about 40,000 in 1836 to 150,000 in 1845. Most of these newcomers were lured from the United States by liberal land policies; many others--in fact the fastest growing segment--came involuntarily as slaves... In 1845, the people of Texas voted overwhelmingly in favor of annexation. The U.S. Congress concurred, and Texas entered the Union as the twenty-eighth state, ending its brief existence as an independent nation. These developments, in turn, laid the groundwork for the Mexican War" (Paul D. Lack for ANB).
The map of "Australia" shows the "New settlement of Australind is situated 80 miles south of Swan River, Colonised by the English, 1840", listing the counties in the Swan River Settlement, and New South Wales. "Note, Sydney is the only Town containing above 10,000 inhabitants". Catalogued by Kate Hunter