[CARLSBAD- now KARLOVY VARY]. SAUCKEL, Georg Valentin. Original Manuscript Account of the Carlsbad Scheiben-Schutzen-Gesellschaft. Carlsbad 1839-1847.

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[CARLSBAD- now KARLOVY VARY]. SAUCKEL, Georg Valentin. Denkwurzdigheiten der Burgerlichen Scheiben-Schutzen-Gesellschaft in der Koeniglichen Stadt Kaiser Carlsbad von August Leopold Stoehr Kreuzheun-Ordens-Ritter und Obercaplan in Carlsbad; Mit Nachtragen vermehrt von Georg Valentin Sauchel. Karlsbad, 1839 - 1842.

Neue Geschichte der Burgerlichen Schieben-Schutzen-Gesellschaft in der Koeniglichen Stadt Kaiser Carlsbad von Franz Franiech Schutzen-Hauptmann seit dem Jahre 1835. Mit einem Auszuge der aften Geschichte, asl Einleitung in die Neuere. Zusatze von Georg Valentin Sauchel. Karlsbad, 1847.


2 parts in one volume. Folio (15 4/8 x 10 inches). Autograph manuscript signed and dated, February 1842 and 1 June 1847, of two works concerning the 'Burgerliche Scheibenschutzen-Gesellschaft' [Town target-shooting society] of Karlsbad, signed by Sauckel. Original watercolour frontispiece portrait of four members of the Carlsbader Scheiben-Schulzen-Gesell in 1796, 2 manuscript title-pages, 3 sectional titles, 2 original watercoloursin grisaille of a plan of the local shooting range and the shooting lodges, a portrait of 5 members sporting the new uniforms of 1796, the new division of the Schutzen-Gesellschaft in 1807 by Leopold Platzer, and another of the division commanded by Herrn Hauptmann Philipp von Miesel in 1807, that commanded by Herrn Hauptmann Joseph Schielhablt in 1825, and that commanded by unter Herrn Hauptmann Franz Franieck in 1836, a large folding engraved pictorial broadside commemorating the visit to Karlsbad of Kaiser Ferdinand I and his Queen Maria Anna Carolina on the 15th of September 1835, and the associated Schutzenfest, Sauchel's invoice from the society, and 2-page detailed plan listing all those performing in the Schutzenfest in 1835. Contemporary half brown roan, marbled paper boards gilt (worn with minor loss at that extremities).

Provenance: with an elaborate presentation inscription to Odo William Leopold Russell, first Baron Ampthill (1829–1884), diplomatist, first British Ambassador to the German Empire (1870-1871), from Sauckel, 1 June 1847

A fair copy in a neat gothic script, comprising:

'Denkwurdigkeiten der Burgerlichen Scheiben-Schutzen-Gesellschaft in der Koeniglichen Stadt Kaiser Carlsbad von August Leopold Stoehr, Kreuzherrn-Ordens-Ritter und Obercaplan in Carslbad; Mit Nachtragen vermehrt von Georg Valentin Sauckel, 1839'

Illustrated with full-page watercolour drawings, showing the society in their first uniform in 1796, the area which served as the shooting ground until 1786, the shooting gallery constructed in 1786, the first uniform of the society under Hauptmann Gabriel Seidl in 1796, a division of the society in 1807 (signed and dated 'Leop. Platzer gezeichnet 1807'), the uniform under Philipp von Miesel in 1807 and the uniform under Hauptmann Joseph Schielhabl in 1825;

'Neue Geschichte der Burgerlichen Scheiben-Schutzen-Gesellschaft in der Koeniglichen Stadt Kaiser Carlsbad von Franz Franieck Schutzen-Hauptmann seit dem Jahre 1835 Mit einem Auszuge der alten Geschichte, als Einleitung in die Neuere Zusatze von Georg Valentin Sauckel'

Illustrated with a plan in pen and ink of the 'Fest-Zug zum Frei-Schiessen', a commemorative print for the shooting festival in memory of Emperor Ferdinand I and Maria Anna Carolina on 15 September 1835, a drawing with watercolour showing the uniform under Hauptmann Franz Franieck in 1836, and a printed 'Berechnung', completed in manuscript, for Sauckel, apparently showing his expenses as a member of the society. 

Sauckel's texts give in the fullest detail the history, changing regulations and yearly proceedings of Carlsbad's early shooting club. The Bohemian spa town of Carlsbad (now Karlovy Vary in the Czech Republic), whose status as royal free city was accorded by Emperor Joseph I, was by the end of the eighteenth century one of the grandest resorts of central Europe. Schutzenfests are an ancient tradition in Germany, Austria and Switzerland, stretching back to the Middle Ages, when many towns had to find ways to defend themselves from gangs of marauders. Clubs and associations were founded, comparable to militias, which were often sanctioned by the ruling dynasty. Henry I instituted the Law for the Defensive Constitution of the Towns and officially integrated the clubs into the towns' defense plans. Accompanying the military exercises of these paramilitia, festivities were held combined with processions, known as Schützenhöfe. The military significance of the clubs has lessened over the course of the centuries, particularly since the creation of regular troops and garrisons for national defence. 

From the distinguished library of Lord Odo Russell, whose father Major-General Lord George William Russell (1790–1846), had been British ambassador at Berlin (1835–1841), and he himself at the tender age of twenty was appointed attaché at the British embassy in Vienna in 1849. As assistant under-secretary at the Foreign Office Russell was on a special mission to the German army headquarters at Versailles from November 1870 until March 1871. He "conferred with Bismarck on the crisis created by Russia's opportunistic denunciation (at the nadir of French power) of those clauses in the treaty of Paris of 1856 prohibiting Russia and Turkey from building warships on the Black Sea. Russell prevented this abrupt violation of a solemn pact by insisting on his own initiative that if Russia persisted, Britain would go to war with or without its allies. The direct result of Russell's mission was a peaceful solution of the immediate problem at the London conference of January 1871.

"Russell's personal success with Bismarck led to his appointment as ambassador at Berlin in October 1871. Always prudent, discreet, and just, his conduct of the embassy stood in distinct contrast to that of his predecessor, Lord Augustus Loftus. Russell admired the new Germany and liked Germans: during his thirteen years in Berlin he never forfeited the confidence of Bismarck. Just as he had understood his Constantinople chief, Stratford de Redcliffe, and had never been broken by his suspicious rages, so too he achieved a sympathetic understanding of Bismarck. He withstood the Iron Chancellor's rages about real or imaginary plots, dispelled his darkest suspicions of British policy, and penetrated to the core of Bismarckian motives and strategy. Russell was trusted by Crown Princess Frederick and the Hohenzollerns, but his cordiality to Bismarck's enemies was never tainted by the suspicion of intrigue. Nor was the objectivity of his dispatches compromised by his private belief that Kulturkampf must fail, or by his revulsion at Bismarck's persecution of Roman Catholicism. From the outset, he recognized Germany's colonial aspirations, though his appreciation of this complex situation was imperfect. In 1879 he was responsible for the novelty of attaching a commercial expert to the Berlin embassy staff" (Richard Davenport-Hines for DNB).