maryllis Solandriflora: or Amaryllis Johnsoni raised by Mrs. A. Harrison from seed produced September 1824
BURY, Priscilla Susan Falkner (1799–1872). Amaryllis Solandriflora: or Amaryllis Johnsoni raised by Mrs. A. Harrison from seed produced September 1824 - drawn from a plant in Mr. Richard Harrison's Hothouse April 1829
Fine original watercolour and gouache drawing (22 x 18 inches), of a Hippeastrum hybrid, commonly grown at Christmas, captioned by the artist "Amaryllis Solandriflora: or Amaryllis Johnsoni raised by Mrs. A. Harrison from seed produced September 1824 - drawn from a plant in Mr. Richard Harrison's Hothouse April 1829", with the number '7" in red wax crayon on the verso (top edge previously folded over, one small tear not affecting the image, some light toning and spotting).
Provenance: Private Collection, Hertfordshire; with Cheffins, 9th march 2016, lot 477
Published as plate 46 in Bury's celebrated "A Selection of Hexandrian Plants": "A beautiful Hybrid Lily, partaking largely of the character of Amaryllis Solandriflora in the length of the tube... The colour is of an indescribable and inimitable crimson, - the flower should be seen in order to form an idea of its brilliance. It was raised from seed in the collection of R. Harrison, Esq. where it bloomed in great perfection in April 1829".
Bury grew up in Lancashire and drew plants "raised in the greenhouses of her family home, Fairfield (demolished 1913), 2 miles east of Liverpool and, by 1829, had enough studies of lilies and allied plants for publication, a venture promoted by her friend, William Swainson. She modelled her proposed book, then tentatively named ‘Drawings of lilies’, on William Roscoe's Monandrian Plants (1824–8), with the plates to be accompanied by brief letterpresses based on her notes. Indeed, she even used Roscoe's book prospectus as a model for her own. In it, she advertised her ‘Drawings of Liliaceous Plants arranged by Botanists in the genera Crinum, Amaryllis, Pancratium …’, to appear in ten numbers, each of five plates to be lithographed by Hullmandel, subscribers paying a guinea a number, others 27s.
"On 4 March 1830, at Walton on the Hill, Priscilla Falkner married Edward Bury (1794–1858), a railway engineer; the couple had at least three sons, born between 1831 and 1835. In 1831 Priscilla Bury's drawings began to be published as A Selection of Hexandrian Plants, the large (64 cm × 48 cm) plates being engraved by Robert Havell; the work had only seventy-nine subscribers. Fifty-one plates appeared in ten fascicles, the last in 1834, but whether or not the text is Bury's is unclear. The plates are fine-grained aquatints, partly printed in colour and retouched by hand... The published work has been praised as ‘certainly one of the most effective colour-plate folios of its period’ (Blunt and Stearn, 248)" (D. J. Mabberley for DNB).
Havell's skill was beautifully married to Bury's watercolours of hexandrian plants. Tomasi notes: '[he] managed to translate the artist's fine watercolours into aquatints of even more striking beauty', described by Dunthorne as 'finely coloured plates of perfect technique, very decorative and ''modern'' in feeling'. Just 79 subscribers are listed (including Audubon), and it is unlikely that the number produced was much beyond that, accounting for its scarcity, which is noted by both Stafleu and Cowan and Pritzel'.
It is recorded that many beautiful Brazilian plants were sent by William Harrison, a merchant living in Rio de Janeiro during the 1830s and 1840s to his brother Richard in Liverpool, whose residence at Aigburth was in those days a Mecca to which lovers of exotic flowers paid annual pilgrimages.