BURY, Priscilla Susan Falkner (1799–1872). Amaryllis Psitticina. Liverpool: Botanic Garden.

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BURY, Priscilla Susan Falkner (1799–1872). Amaryllis Psitticina. Liverpool: Botanic Garden.

Fine original watercolour and gouache drawing (22 x 17 4/8 inches), of the Parrot Amaryllis, captioned by the artist "Amaryllis Psitticina. Botanic Garden", and numbered 2 in red wax crayon on verso (lower 1 2/8 inches previously folded under to fit frame, some light toning, a few spots and some surface wear). 

Provenance: Private Collection, Hertfordshire; with Cheffins, 9th march 2016, lot 475 


Published as plate 23 in Bury's celebrated "A Selection of Hexandrian Plants": "This bulb was received at the Liverpool Botanic Garden from St. Paul in Brazil, in 1810. It is figured in the Botanical Register, No. 199, from a plant in Mr. Griffin's collection at South Lambeth, where it is said to have flowered for the first time in this country in March 1817, but the plant at the Liverpool Garden flowered in great perfection, and was drawn by Miss Miller, at that time artist to the Botanic Garden, in 1813... The flowers of the parrot Amaryllis, both at the Botanic Garden and at Mr. Harrison's are much larger and richer than the figure in the Register, but smaller and paler specimens are also frequent. Mr. Harrison has a magnificent seedling from Psittacina and Johnsoni".

Bury grew up in Lancashire and drew plants "raised in the greenhouses of her family home, Fairfield (demolished 1913), 2 miles east of Liverpool and, by 1829, had enough studies of lilies and allied plants for publication, a venture promoted by her friend, William Swainson. She modelled her proposed book, then tentatively named ‘Drawings of lilies’, on William Roscoe's Monandrian Plants (1824–8), with the plates to be accompanied by brief letterpresses based on her notes. Indeed, she even used Roscoe's book prospectus as a model for her own. In it, she advertised her ‘Drawings of Liliaceous Plants arranged by Botanists in the genera Crinum, Amaryllis, Pancratium …’, to appear in ten numbers, each of five plates to be lithographed by Hullmandel, subscribers paying a guinea a number, others 27s.

"On 4 March 1830, at Walton on the Hill, Priscilla Falkner married Edward Bury (1794–1858), a railway engineer; the couple had at least three sons, born between 1831 and 1835. In 1831 Priscilla Bury's drawings began to be published as A Selection of Hexandrian Plants, the large (64 cm × 48 cm) plates being engraved by Robert Havell; the work had only seventy-nine subscribers. Fifty-one plates appeared in ten fascicles, the last in 1834, but whether or not the text is Bury's is unclear. The plates are fine-grained aquatints, partly printed in colour and retouched by hand... The published work has been praised as ‘certainly one of the most effective colour-plate folios of its period’ (Blunt and Stearn, 248)" (D. J. Mabberley for DNB).

Havell's skill was beautifully married to Bury's watercolours of hexandrian plants. Tomasi notes: '[he] managed to translate the artist's fine watercolours into aquatints of even more striking beauty', described by Dunthorne as 'finely coloured plates of perfect technique, very decorative and ''modern'' in feeling'. Just 79 subscribers are listed (including Audubon), and it is unlikely that the number produced was much beyond that, accounting for its scarcity, which is noted by both Stafleu and Cowan and Pritzel'.

It is recorded that many beautiful Brazilian plants were sent by William Harrison, a merchant living in Rio de Janeiro during the 1830s and 1840s to his brother Richard in Liverpool, whose residence at Aigburth was in those days a Mecca to which lovers of exotic flowers paid annual pilgrimages.

For more information about this work, or other watercolors in the Arader Galleries collection, please contact Alison Petretti at 646.673.4505 or by email alisonpetretti@aradergalleries.com