BURY, Priscilla Susan Falkner (1799–1872). Amaryllis Crocata. Papilia Nestor. Brazil. P.S. Falkner, [5th February],1826

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BURY, Priscilla Susan Falkner (1799–1872). Amaryllis Crocata. Papilia Nestor. Brazil. P.S. Falkner, [5th February],1826

Fine original watercolour and gouache drawing (21 6/8 x 17 inches), of the Barbados Lily and Blue Mormon butterfy, captioned by the artist "Amaryllis Crocata. Papilio Nestor. Brazil. P.S. Falkner, 1826", and numbered 3 in red wax crayon on verso (right and left edges previously folded under to fit frame, some light toning, pale waterstain to lower portion affecting the image). 


Provenance: Private Collection, Hertfordshire; with Cheffins, 9th march 2016, lot 476 

Published as plate 16 in Bury's celebrated "A Selection of Hexandrian Plants": "This specimen was drawn at the Liverpool Botanic Garden, 5th February, 1826, from a bulb received by Mr. Shepherd in 1810, from st. Paul in Brazil, together with a bulb of Amaryllis Psittacina, being the first individuals of both these beautiful species introduced into this country. The Butterfly is the Papilio Nestor... A native of Brazil".

Bury grew up in Lancashire and drew plants "raised in the greenhouses of her family home, Fairfield (demolished 1913), 2 miles east of Liverpool and, by 1829, had enough studies of lilies and allied plants for publication, a venture promoted by her friend, William Swainson. She modelled her proposed book, then tentatively named ‘Drawings of lilies’, on William Roscoe's Monandrian Plants (1824–8), with the plates to be accompanied by brief letterpresses based on her notes. Indeed, she even used Roscoe's book prospectus as a model for her own. In it, she advertised her ‘Drawings of Liliaceous Plants arranged by Botanists in the genera Crinum, Amaryllis, Pancratium …’, to appear in ten numbers, each of five plates to be lithographed by Hullmandel, subscribers paying a guinea a number, others 27s.

"On 4 March 1830, at Walton on the Hill, Priscilla Falkner married Edward Bury (1794–1858), a railway engineer; the couple had at least three sons, born between 1831 and 1835. In 1831 Priscilla Bury's drawings began to be published as A Selection of Hexandrian Plants, the large (64 cm × 48 cm) plates being engraved by Robert Havell; the work had only seventy-nine subscribers. Fifty-one plates appeared in ten fascicles, the last in 1834, but whether or not the text is Bury's is unclear. The plates are fine-grained aquatints, partly printed in colour and retouched by hand... The published work has been praised as ‘certainly one of the most effective colour-plate folios of its period’ (Blunt and Stearn, 248)" (D. J. Mabberley for DNB).

Havell's skill was beautifully married to Bury's watercolours of hexandrian plants. Tomasi notes: '[he] managed to translate the artist's fine watercolours into aquatints of even more striking beauty', described by Dunthorne as 'finely coloured plates of perfect technique, very decorative and ''modern'' in feeling'. Just 79 subscribers are listed (including Audubon), and it is unlikely that the number produced was much beyond that, accounting for its scarcity, which is noted by both Stafleu and Cowan and Pritzel'.

For more information about this work, or other watercolors in the Arader Galleries collection, please contact Alison Petretti at 646.673.4505 or by email alisonpetretti@aradergalleries.com