BERRY, William (1639-1718). Composite World Atlas. London: ca 1680-1707.
Large folio (24 2/8 x 19 5/8 inches). Manuscript index leaf. 58 engraved maps , including 36 double-page or folding and 22 single-page, 9 full-page gazetteers and 2 folding genealogies, all but 2 of the maps hand-colored in outline, map of the world by Mortier in full contemporary color, the Morden map of London plain (one gazetteer and 4 maps supplied from another copy, light damp-staining principally affecting blank margins, some marginal splits and restoration to the first few maps, the Morden London and Lea Environs of London more so, some worming affecting image). Modern half calf.
Provenance: Christopher Henry Beaumont Pease, Lord Wardington (1924-2005), Library of Important Atlases and Geographies.
AN EXTRAORDINARY AND RARE ENGLISH COMPOSITE ATLAS COMPILED BY WILLIAM BERRY "THE ENGLISH SANSON".
Dating from the last years of Berry's career, this atlas was probably assembled to order for a client wishing to follow events in the War of the Spanish Succession. As such, it is one of the largest and most important surviving collections of Berry's work, preserving examples of some of both his and his contemporaries' rarest broadsheet maps relating to the events in Europe. Based around derivatives of 32 maps from Alexis Hubert Jaillot's "Atlas Nouveau", published in Paris in 1674-1681, supplemented with a new road map of England, a map of Ireland and four maps of the Irish provinces. Berry's maps are dated from 1680 (the world and continents) to 1689, the date found on Berry's map "Circle and Electorat of the Rhine", which in the lower border lists the thirty-three maps, including England, prepared to date, and the five Irish maps advertised in the Term catalogues in February 1690.
Eight of the maps (the world and five continents, Spain and Italy) are accompanied by full-page engraved gazetteers dated 1680 or 1681, the Italian sheet undated but presumably 1682, the date on the map, or 1683, when the map was advertised in the Term catalogues. Of this group of maps, the England and Wales and Catalonia have had their dedications re-engraved, the former now to William III (reigned alone from 1694-1702) and the latter to Queen Anne (1702-1714, presumably in August 1705 when Berry advertised the map in the Daily Courant in connection with the current war in Spain).
The map of North America, although still dated 1680, is in a second state with Pennsylvania inserted within the map, and in the gazetteer leaf, post 1683. Of the additional maps, the four Thornton charts are from volumes of the English Pilot, and were first published between 1698 and 1706; the De Wit map of Portugal is one where there was no English equivalent. The rest are rare English broadsheets. Six maps are from Berry's own stock, three published jointly with Robert Morden (the three published separately are Grand Roads of England, 1679, Kingdom of Naples and Slaney's Jamaica; the three jointly published maps are Sicily, Lorraine and Alsace, and the English plantations in America). Berry's principal collaboration with Morden dates from 1671/2 to 1680, with less frequent activity up to 1689, and many of these maps can be reliably dated by advertisements placed by the partners in contemporary publications. The West India section contains the rare late printing of Speed's map of Bermuda, bearing the imprint of Christopher Browne, previously recorded in only a single example in the Newberry Library. There is also an apparently unrecorded map of Rome attributed to Robert Morden - Morden apparently undertook a world atlas, which was incomplete on his death; the plates were acquired by Christopher Browne, who inserted his name on the Rome map, before the maps passed to John Senex, who used them as the core of his New General Atlas, 1721. The other maps relate to the various continental wars in which England was involved, King William's War (ended in 1697) and the War of the Spanish Succession (Marlborough's War), and include rare broadsheets by Morden of Dunkirk (London Gazette, 23-27 July 1691), Mount and Page's map of Andalusia illustrating the English attack on Cadiz in 1702 and David Mortier's plan of Barcelona in the first state (Post Man, 11-13 October 1705).