BARRETT, John (1866-1938). The Pan American Union Peace Friendship Commerce. Washington: 1911.

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4to., (8 2/8 x 5 6/8 inches). Printed in red and black. Colour frontispiece, illustrated throughout with photographs, EXTRA-ILLUSTRATED with a contemporary silver gelatin photograph portrait of Knox. Contemporary full brown morocco, gilt presentation binding, by A. Zichtl & Co., of Washington, with gilt-lettering on the front cover: "Hon. Philander C. Knox. Chairman of the Governing Board of the Pan American Union".

Provenance: presentation copy to Philander C. Knox (1853-1921), attorney general, U.S. senator, and secretary of state.

Barrett, commercial publicist and diplomat, was elected director general  of the governing board of the International Bureau of American Republics in 1907. "Called the Pan American Union after 1910, this organization came into existence as a consequence of the First International American Conference in Washington, D.C., in 1889 and functioned primarily as a clearinghouse for commercial information to promote trade. Once placed in charge, Barrett embarked upon a campaign to publicize his own work and to encourage U.S. business interests to expand their markets into Latin America. He also had a broader vision, seeking to move beyond commerce into the larger realm of hemispheric diplomacy. During Barrett's tenure as director general, issues concerned with the Mexican Revolution, various Caribbean interventions, and the impact of the First World War assumed conspicuous importance. Barrett, in response, called upon Latin American countries to cooperate in the advancement of trade and goodwill, to accept Pan-American formulas as a means of achieving hemispheric unity, and to employ the Pan American Union as a kind of embryo League of Nations" (Mark T. Gilderhus for ANB).