Andrew Melrose (1836-1901) Palisades, New York Oil on canvas
Andrew Melrose (1836-1901)
Palisades, New York
Oil on canvas
Canvas size: 22” x 14”
Framed size: 27" x 19"
Signed l.r.: A. Melrose
Provenance: Kennedy Galleries, Inc., New York
Exhibitions: The Edward Hopper Landmark Preservation Foundation, Nyack, New York “Nineteenth-century
Painters and Paintings of Rockland County, New York” September 23 - October 21, 1984
The prolific landscape painter Andrew Melrose was born on March 9, 1839, in Selkirk, Scotland, and emigrated to the United States when he was about twenty. Following a brief stay in this country he spent some time in Canada, where he married Margaret Grice in 1838. For a few years the couple lived in New York City, then settled permanently in Hudson County, New Jersey, residing successively in West Hoboken, Guttenberg, and West New York.
Melrose is not known to have studied with any professional artist, so he is presumably self-taught. His oeuvre consisted mainly of landscapes in oils, including views of New York City, northern New Jersey, and the Hudson River Valley. He also painted scenes of the American West, Great Britain and other lands. The artist prepared designs for book illustrations, and many of his pictures were published as etchings or chromolithographs. Frequently, he exhibited landscapes and some genre scenes at the National Academy of Design (1868-1883) as well as at the Brooklyn Art Association.
While Melrose mainly painted in the traditional romantic style that typifies the works of the Hudson River School, towards the end of his life the influence of the Impressionist movement started to be present in his paintings. As can be seen in this work, the Luminist influences of the Hudson River School typify the vibrant color as Melrose captures the brightness of the sunlight as it hits the trees and water of the Palisades. The fragmented method with which he has applied the oil paint and the loose use of brush strokes are hallmarks of the Impressionist School and are clearly visible in Melrose's canvas.At the age of sixteen, Drechsler began painting flowers in the Vienna porcelain factory and rose to be the Director of Porcelain Design at the Vienna Academy in 1807. During the same period, Drechsler also established himself as a master of conventional flower painting. While some of his earlier works, including a pair of canvases which date back to 1783, can be viewed at the Muzeum Narodowe, Warsaw, the majority of Drechsler’s extant works were produced between 1790 and 1809