SANSON D’ABBEVILLE, Nicholas (1600-1667). Cartes générales de toutes les parties du monde. - Geographia Sacra ex Veteri, et Novo. Paris: Pierre Mariette, 1667.
SANSON D’ABBEVILLE, Nicholas (1600-1667). Cartes générales de toutes les parties du monde. - Geographia Sacra ex Veteri, et Novo. Paris: Pierre Mariette, 1667. 2 volumes. Folio (18 x 13 ¼ in.; 45.7 x 33.6 cm.). 343 FINE double-paged engraved maps, most with original hand-colour in outline by Sanson, P. du Val, and M. Tavernier; a few maps a bit creased. Contemporary speckled calf; rubbed, extremities scuffed. The maps were compiled by Nicolas Sanson who first published his atlas in 1654, with 100 maps, and engraved and printed by Pierre Mariette; each held the copyright to half of the maps which bear their separate imprints, and were issued progressively from 1630. The maps in this Atlas date from the late 1630s, but are evenly dated from the 1640s to 1667. They include the latest discoveries in the New World. 'Amerique septentrionale', shows the Great Lakes for the first time; the map of New Mexico and Florida, introduced California as an island. South America is mapped in great detail, and a double hemisphere map is devoted to the two poles. Born in Abbeville, a town in the Picardy region of France, in 1600, Sanson was the most noted French cartographer in modern history. Mapmaker to Louis XIV, King of France, Sanson endowed his maps with the most recent geographical information as well as the finest and sharpest engraving of the period. His "Cartes Generales de Toutes les Parties du Monde" was the most important single product of French commercial cartography of the seventeenth century. Sanson sparked a renaissance in geographical endeavor in his native country, which had not been a major player on the international cartographic stage since the great Oronce Finé in the sixteenth century. With this atlas, Sanson laid the foundations of French domination in map production, initiating the so-called "French school of cartography," a school that was unprecedented in its attention to precision and scientific detail and discarded much of the decorative embellishments of previous maps as irrelevant. From Sanson's time in the second half of the seventeenth century until the latter part of the eighteenth century, French geographical conceptions were more influential than those put forward by any other nation. With this landmark atlas, Sanson all but single-handedly caused the center of cartographic innovation to shift from Holland to France. PROVENANCE: With the near contemporary ownership inscription of Guillelmi Detroyes dated 1686 on the front free endpaper, and manuscript numbering to verso of most maps. REFERENCES:Pastoureau Sanson-VD; Shirley T.SAN-2b. Price: $600,000.