JACOBITE REBELLION. Letters Which passed between Count Gyllenborg, the Barons Gortz, Sparre, And others,... London: S. Buckley, 1717
JACOBITE REBELLION. Letters Which passed between Count Gyllenborg, the Barons Gortz, Sparre, And others; Relating to the Design Of Raising a Rebellion in His Majesty's Dominions, To be Supported by a Force from Sweden. London: Printed by S. Buckley in Amen-Corner, 1717.
Folio (12 4/8 x 8 inches). 39-pages. Preceded by privilege leaf with woodcut Royal Arms at the head. Woodcut printer's device on title-page, woodcut tail-piece. Self-wrappers, removed from a sammelband.
During the "second decade of the century of the Enlightenment, short interesting episode occurred between the Kingdoms of Britain, Sweden and the Russian Empire. In the context of Sweden's downfall as an imperial power, Charles XII, after the return from his stay in the Ottoman Empire, instructed his minister, Görtz, to surreptitiously journey to the Netherlands in search of finances. The purpose was to revitalize what was left of Sweden's maritime power. The only onesinterested in funding Charles XII's fleet were the Jacobites.They were those English, Scots, Irish and Welsh who were still loyal to the dynasty of James II Stuart of England, exiled during the Glorious Revolution of 1688-1689.
James II having died in 1701, they now gathered around his son, Francis Edward Stuart (the Old Pretender). In 1715-1716, the Pretender attempted to invade Britain in order to prevent the succession of George I of Hanover, but failed. Through the Swedish envoys in London and Paris (Gyllenborg and Sparre, respectively), Görtztried tried to obtain an agreement from the Jacobites that money would be secretly loaned to Charles XII in exchange for Sweden helping a new Jacobite invasion. British counterintelligence was well aware of these negotiations. Eventually the government of George I arrested Gyllenborg, furthermore publishing his documents. This was done in the hope of internationally isolating Sweden, as the British Hanoverian monarch feared a Russian-Swedish-Jacobite alliance" (Coroban "Sweden and the Jacobite Movement (1715-1718)" in Revista Română pentru Studii Baltice şi Nordice, Vol. 2, Issue 2, 2010, pp. 131-152). Catalogued by Kate Hunter