DUVALL, Pierre [for Samuel CHAMPLAIN]. Le Canada faict par le Sr. de Champlain. Ou sont La Nouvelle France, La Nouvelle Angleterre, La Nouvelle Holande, La Nouvelle Suede, La Virginie. Paris, 1653.

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DUVALL, Pierre [for Samuel CHAMPLAIN]. Le Canada faict par le Sr. de Champlain. Ou sont La Nouvelle France, La Nouvelle Angleterre, La Nouvelle Holande, La Nouvelle Suede, La Virginie. Paris, 1653. Single sheet (21 ½ x 14 in.; 54.6 x 35.6 cm.). Hand colored. A NEW WORLD MAP WITH IMPORTANT HISTORICAL CONNECTIONS, AND A FASCINATING CARTOGRAPHIC STORY. In 1953, the John Carter Brown Library acquired an untitled and apparently unfinished 1616 map of “New France” that depicted the discoveries of the great Samuel Champlain since publication of the explorer’s original map in 1612. The map is a fascinating extension of Champlain’s 1612 map, taking in more territory and including descriptions of English and Dutch interests south of New France. The Chesapeake Bay as delineated by John Smith’s map of 1612 also appears. But most importantly, it is the first map to reflect actual observations of Lakes Huron and Ontario and the route of the Ottawa River (Burden, 188). Why this original map was not used by Champlain in his history is unknown. But important scholarship by Lawrence Wroth in 1954 demonstrated that the same plate that had been used to print the 1616 map was later used by Pierre Duval in 1653 for the publication of Le Canada Faict par le Sr. Champlain ou Sont La Bouvelle France, La Nouvelle Angleterre, La Nouvelle Holande, La Nouvelle Suede, La Virginie et seq. How Duval obtained the plate is unknown, but it first appeared in a “proof” state in 1653. The map went through six further states, each adding cartographic information and increasingly elaborate decorative elements. This map is an example of Burden’s second state, with its original 1653 date. As such, it reflects Champlain’s knowledge of New France and the bordering areas shortly after his return to France in 1612. It is also the first of an important and influential series of maps of the region by Pierre Duval, which remained in publication for over forty years (Burden, 309). Price: $125,000