3. PITTMAN, Philip (fl. 1760s). The Present State of the European Settlements on the Mississippi; with a Geographical Description of that River. London: J. Nourse, 1770.

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4to. (10 x 8 in.; 25.4 x 20.3 cm). vii, 99 pages, 8 engraved maps and plans, including 7 folding, after Pittman by Thomas Kitchin; lacking the half-title, tears at the gutter of three maps some affecting the image, some browning and creasing, some pages misbound, a few marginal stains. 20th-century black morocco backed black patterned cloth, original printed paper label on the front cover; corners worn with loss. Provenance: Early notes partially obscured on the front past-down and numerous penciled marginal annotations; bookplate of the Maryland Historical Society on the front paste-down, library stamp on the verso of the title-page. 

FIRST EDITION. The first English publication on the topography,  settlements, and inhabitants of the Illinois country, recording the accomplishments of the French and the endeavours of the Spanish. Captain Pittman was a British army engineer who arrived in West Florida in 1763. In 1764 he travelled up the Mississippi to New Orleans with Major Arthur Loftus. During his five years in the Gulf coastal region of Louisiana and West Florida he made numerous surveying expeditions. Pittman is cavalier of the work of his French predecessors: "Louisiana is no longer the same as in the time of Pere Henepin; and all the other authors that I have read on this subject rather abound with Indian stories and talks, than with useful information" (Preface). REFERENCES: Vail 602; Clark 2:53; Streeter sale 3:1519; Graff 3302; Howes P396; Sabin 63103; Weddle "Changing Tides", 1995, pages 45-48. # 002204