Pieter Holsteyn the Younger (Dutch, 1614-1687) Yellow Primula Veris (Common Cowslip) Watercolor on paper
Pieter Holsteyn the Younger (Dutch, 1614-1687)
Yellow Primula Veris (Common Cowslip)
Watercolor on paper
Paper size: 12 5/8 x 8 1/4 in.
The cowslip is frequently found on more open ground than the primrose, including open fields, meadows, coastal dunes and clifftops. It is native to most of temperate Europe and western Asia, and although absent from more northerly areas including much of northwest Scotland, it reappears in northernmost Sutherland and Orkney and in Scandinavia.
The species name veris (of spring) is the genitive case form of Latin "ver" (spring). Other common names include cuy lippe, herb peter, paigle, peggle, key flower, key of heaven, fairy cups, petty mulleins, crewel, buckles, palsywort, and plumrocks. Many of these name derive from early association of this plant with mythology. Mentioned by Pliny the Elder for its early blooming attributes, the primula was used as a ritual plant by Celtic druids to increase the absorption of other herbal remedies.
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