BLUNT, Edmund March (1770-1862) and George William BLUNT. Chart of the Gulf of Mexico, West Indies, and Spanish Main. New York: E & G.W. Blunt, 1845 [but 1848].
BLUNT, Edmund March (1770-1862) and George William BLUNT. Chart of the Gulf of Mexico, West Indies, and Spanish Main. E. & G.W. Blunt, 179 Water Street, New York. Entered According to Act of Congress, in the Year 1845, by E & G.W.Blunt in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Southern District of New York. 1845. Additions to 1848.
Several sheet joined vertically and horizontally (37 x 84 inches). Fine engraved map of the Gulf of Mexico and surrounding coastline (some repairs to margins and verso).
With detailed insets of:
- A Geometrical Plan of the Principal Harbour [i.e. San Juan] in the Island of Porto Rico Surveyed in 1794 by Don Cosme de Churruca, Captain in the Spanish Navy. W. Hooker, Sc.
- Harbour of Matanzas [Cuba]. W. Hooker, Sc.
- Rum Key Surveyed in H.M.S. Blossom.
- Ragged Islands Anchorage [Bahamas] Surveyed by Commander R. Owen. 1834.
- Entrance to the Harbour of Havanna W. Hooker, Sc.
- St. Martin's Harbour [i.e. Philipsburg, Saint Martin] surveyd. by Capt. E. Barnet, R.N. 1847.
- Bay of Mayaguez, Porto Rico Surveyed by Andrew Scott. 1846. E & G.W. Blunt, Burling Slip, N. York.
- Harbour of St. Thomas, [i.e. Charlotte Amalie, V.I.] by Captain L.I. Rhode, Harbour Master. 1822.
- Laguna de Terminos Surveyed by Robert Hume. Hooker. 1841.
- Atchafalaya and Bayou Teche. by J.D. Boylan. 1841.
- The Harbour of Tampico from Actual Survey. 1833. New York, [N.d].
An extremely detailed map of the Gulf coast showing the Texas coast, as surveyed by Commodore E.W. Moore, and the Gulf Mexico from Florida to to Yucatán, from "The French, Spanish, English Admiralty, & U.S. Government Surveys, up to this date", and the expedition of Commodore Matthew C. Perry to 1848.
Blunt was one of "America’s first hydrographers. He published some of the first nautical books and charts in the United States. The American Coast Pilot was first printed in 1796. It went through twenty-one editions before being taken over by the federal government in 1867. The American Coast Pilot provided sailing directions from Passamaquoddy, Maine, to the Strait of Florida. It included soundings and bearings of the lighthouses and beacons (such as there were) from rocks, shoals, ledges, etc. The volume also had courses and distances between numerous locations, settings of the currents, and tide tables. The book was extremely popular with ship owners and masters and lives on today as the Coast Pilot published by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). In 1799, he retained Nathaniel Bowditch to update the British publication The New Practical Navigator and adapt it to American needs. The third edition, published in 1802, had been significantly altered from the original and was renamed as the American Practical Navigator. We know it now simply as Bowditch. Few people today are aware that the originator of both publications—the Coast Pilot and Bowditch—was Edmund Blunt. He also compiled some of the first detailed surveys of major US east coast ports, from Boston to Charleston. The standards he established in 1796 for accuracy and thoroughness continue today as a worthy legacy to a major, but largely forgotten, figure in American nautical history" (Dennis Bryant, “Edmund M. Blunt: Forgotten Pioneer of Nautical Charting and Publishing in the United States” in Maritime Musings, January 2010)
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